Welcome to PAP/RAC Mediterranean Coastal Alert! This newsletter is regularly updated monthly. It contains abstracts of selected current articles and archives on various environmental themes, in particular those dealing with all aspects of coastal issues. The selection is made from the articles published in the leading international scientific journals. This newsletter is an excellent way of keeping you updated with coastal studies and processes.
Despite the interests on destination branding in general, there has been scarce investigations on destination personality which is described as the set of human characteristics associated with a destination. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceived destination personality of Bodrum (a famous destination in Turkey) and the relationship among destination personality, self-congruity and loyalty. In 8 to 14 August, 2011 time period, 252 respondents who were domestic tourists that visited Bodrum destination and stayed at the hotels in the destination were surveyed with the questionnaire form privately developed for the destination. 226 usable questionnaires were analyzed. 38 personality traits were tested and destination personality of Bodrum was measured. The findings of the study indicate that tourists ascribe personality characteristics to destinations and the perceived destination personality dimensions of Bodrum are dynamism, sincerity, competence and sophistication. The results also show that the most distinct dimension which has a positive impact on loyalty to destination is sincerity. In addition, ideal self-congruity has resulted as the most effective self-congruity measure on loyalty.
Source: B. Kiliç and S. A. SOP (2012); “Destination personality, self-congruity and loyalty”, Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism, Vol. 3(5), pp 95 - 105, September 2012; Accepted: 12 May 2012 Published: 30 September 2012; DOI: 10.5897/JHMT12.024
Similar to many coastal or island countries, the waters around St. Kitts and Nevis, an island nation in the Eastern Caribbean, are home to multiple, cumulative, and often conflicting uses of the sea. Marine spatial planning and marine zoning hold great promises for addressing and balancing a number of marine management objectives in St. Kitts and Nevis under a common framework. We outline the key activities that led to the development of a draft marine zoning design for St. Kitts and Nevis, and discuss outcomes of the planning process and possible next steps towards implementation of a marine zoning plan. The key activities were focused around: 1) engaging stakeholders; 2) establishing clear objectives; 3) building an information base that spatially represents marine uses (i.e., a multi-objective geodatabase); 4) generating tools to assist stakeholders and decision makers in generating a zoning design and considering options and tradeoffs (i.e., decision support products); and 5) outlining the location of zones via a participatory process. The vision and foundation for marine zoning we outline here can continue to be leveraged by the citizen of St. Kitts and Nevis and serve as a model in other places engaged in similar efforts.
Keywords: Marine zoning; Marine spatial planning; Sustainable ocean management; Small island developing states; Caribbean.
Source: V. N. Agostini, S. W. Margles, J. K. Knowles, S. R. Schill, R. J. Bovino and R. J. Blyther (2015); “Marine zoning in St. Kitts and Nevis: A design for sustainable management in the Caribbean”, Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 104, February 2015, Pages 1–10; Received: 26 July 2014; Received in revised form: 24 October 2014; Accepted: 5 November 2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.003
The Coastal Fluvial Flood (CFFlood) model for assessing coastal and fluvial flood impacts under current and future climate and socio-economic conditions is presented and applied at the European scale. Flood frequency is estimated as a function of river flows, extreme sea levels and estimated defence standards to determine the flood extent and depth. Flood consequences are estimated by combining the latter with information on urban areas, population density and Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Climate and socio-economic scenarios and possible adaptation choices are included to analyse future conditions. In 2010, almost 6 % of the European population is estimated to live in the 100 year flood area. The corresponding economic loss is €236 billion, assuming no defences. Estimated flood protection reduces economic damage substantially by 67 to 99 % and the number of people flooded is reduced by 37 to 99 % for the 100 year event. Impact simulations show that future climate and socio-economic conditions may increase flood impacts, especially in coastal areas due to sea-level rise. In contrast, impacts caused by fluvial flooding sometimes decrease, especially in southern and western regions of Europe due to decreases in precipitation and consequent run-off. Under high-end scenarios, flood impacts increase substantially unless there are corresponding adaptation efforts.
Source: M. Mokrech; A. S. Kebede, R. J. Nicholls, F. Wimmer and L. Feyen (2014); “An integrated approach for assessing flood impacts due to future climate and socio-economic conditions and the scope of adaptation in Europe”, Climatic Change, December 2014; Received: 1 December 2013; Accepted: 16 November 2014; Published Online: 4 December 2014.
The importance of tourism and the evident impacts from coastal overdevelopment are two realities that coastal managers have to face. Coastal tourism in the Ravenna province started in the end of 19th century and has grown immensely over the last 60 years, stimulated by a combination of rapid urban built-up and increasing in beach holiday attraction. This paper presents preliminary results on evolution of coastal dunes focusing on tourism development and impacts arising from it. Determination of spatial and temporal dunes settings was performed within a GIS environment. A multitemporal investigation provided a description of coastal dunes transformation with emphasis on historical aspects of landscape changes. Marina di Ravenna was selected as a remarkably representative example illustrating the highest level of tourism development pressure on the coastal dunes. The study shows that extensive stretches of coastal dunes have been removed, mainly due to intensive construction of beach establishments. Total loss of coastal dunes in Marina di Ravenna was estimated about 18 ha over almost 60 years, an equivalent to 28 football pitches. The results reveal that the relation between tourism development and coastal dune evolution in Ravenna coastal area is evident, and requires more detailed investigation at different scales, combining other coastal factors to the analysis.
Source: O. Sytnik and F. Stecchi (2014); “Disappearing coastal dunes: tourism development and future challenges, a case-study from Ravenna, Italy”, Journal of Coastal Conservation, November 2014; Received: 7 July 2014; Revised: 3 November 2014; Accepted: 4 November 2014; Published Online: 12 November 2014.