Welcome to PAP/RAC Mediterranean Coastal Alert! This newsletter is regularly updated monthly. It contains abstracts of selected current articles and archives on various environmental themes, in particular those dealing with all aspects of coastal issues. The selection is made from the articles published in the leading international scientific journals. This newsletter is an excellent way of keeping you updated with coastal studies and processes.
This research was motivated by never-ending questions, which arose in coastal land-use conflict especially in Indonesian and generally in developing countries. Policy makers and others stakeholders both in central and local governments were concerned about resolution conflicts that occurred in coastal areas. Squatters, who live and build houses in illegal land, were forced to move out to their origin home lands. Such conflicts occurred again and again without clear solution among parties involved. Such conflicts show that both squatters and land owners have no benefits in their conflict, which could decrease their economic productivity. As a consequence, the economic performance of coastal area become declining. The aim of this research is to analyse the coastal land-use conflict between squatters and land owners. It includes the formulation of a conflict resolution based on land optimation. To solve the coastal land conflicts, an economic approach is needed with the assumption that the conflict is a concept. As a concept, the conflict could be measured by using economic variables called benefits and costs to be taken into account. GAMS (General Algebraic Modelling System) is a computer language which permits formulating economic equilibrium models as systems of nonlinear equations. In this research, GAMS was used to calculate the value of land rents. The results of GAMS operation were that the coastal land area should be maintained, expanded and added by squatters.
Keywords: Coastal land conflict; North of Jakarta coastal area; GAMS approach.
Source: Rudianto, Andi Gusti Tantu (2014); Journal of Coastal Conservation; February 2014, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 69-74.
The aim of the research is to conserve Anyer coastal environment from negative environmental impact and improving coastal and coastline competitiveness by implementing the ecotourism concept. 216 data were collected by triangulation technique: open observation; structured interview, and interview, in the one-year Anyer sub-district and tabulated by content analysis based on ecotourism and competitiveness concepts with zoning and landscaping as well. It conserved spatial planning and decreased hospitality industry pollution and coral reef and seaweed as well as open new sea natural scenery, following coastline border regulation and conserve: coastal environment from utilizing coastal ecotourism activities. It also develops open new natural sea view and water recreation opportunity spectrum provided with water resources as an along the coastline zone, and coastal ecotourism attractions with undersea life.
Source: Hengky Sumisto Halim (2014); “Excogitated Coastal Tourism Competitiveness by Implementing Eco-tourism in Anyer, Banten, Indonesia”, International Journal of Marine Science, 2014, Vol. 4, No. 7 DOI: 10.5376/ijms.2014.04.0007; Received: 6 November 2013; Accepted: 6 December 2013; Published: 8 January 2014.
Coastal Zone Management Plans (CZMP) are important instruments legally defined in National Coastal Management in Brazil. In order to put coastal management into practice, the development of strategic actions (involving the processes of institutional development and coastal governance) and operational actions (directly applied to marine and coastal territories) are required, thus ensuring environmental quality. However, the lack of prioritization among the various actions that are listed as important has led to the development of coastal management plans at various levels (national, regional, state or local) which are not actually carried out. The large number of actions considered important lead to the need for prioritization of the most essential ones, those with a drag potential or driving force in relation to others. The prioritization method developed and presented in this study enables to focus on the most relevant actions by establishing a numerical rating of options. This methodology also enables to list a number of coastal zone management projects which prioritize strategic and operational actions. Prioritization is necessary as it gives guidelines for coastal managers to choose which projects should be implemented first, considering the scarcity of financial and human resources, a common situation in many coastal regions. As a result, prioritization turns coastal management plans into actions.
Keywords: Coastal Zone Management Plans (CZMP); Brazil; Prioritization.
Source: M. Scherer, J. Andrade, E. G. Emerim, A. Felix, T.C.R. Oliveira, H. B. Mondl and F. A. Veiga Lima (2014); “Prioritizing actions for coastal management: A methodological proposal”, Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 91, April 2014, Pages 17–22; DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.01.012
The small city of Greensburg, Kansas gained international attention through its efforts to rebuild sustainably following a devastating tornado in 2007. This study investigates the early results of those efforts, asking how both the built and social environments of Greensburg have changed as the result of sustainability-focused planning. Analysis of documents, observations, and interviews reveals that Greensburg’s plans have had important influences on the city’s built and social environments. Specifically, the materials, designs, and placement of buildings are substantially different than prior to the tornado, and reflect the city’s sustainability emphasis. The greening efforts also appear to have enhanced citizen views of sustainability, with learning, costs, and community concerns as the main mitigating factors.
Keywords: Community planning; Disaster recovery; Small cities; Sustainability.
Source: L. Hewitt Sparks & S. Swearingen White (2013); “Going Green? The Impacts of Sustainability Planning in Greensburg, Kansas, USA”, International Journal on Sustainable Development and Planning, Vol. 8, No. 3 (2013) 288–304; Available Online at www.witpress.com; DOI: dx.doi.org/10.2495/SDP-V8-N3-288-304