Welcome to PAP/RAC Mediterranean Coastal Alert! This newsletter is regularly updated monthly. It contains abstracts of selected current articles and archives on various environmental themes, in particular those dealing with all aspects of coastal issues. The selection is made from the articles published in the leading international scientific journals. This newsletter is an excellent way of keeping you updated with coastal studies and processes.
In this paper we propose an ecosystem service framework to support integrated water resource management and apply it to the Murray-Darling Basin in Australia. Water resources in the Murray-Darling Basin have been over-allocated for irrigation use with the consequent degradation of freshwater ecosystems. In line with integrated water resource management principles, Australian Government reforms are reducing the amount of water diverted for irrigation to improve ecosystem health. However, limited understanding of the broader benefits and trade-offs associated with reducing irrigation diversions has hampered the planning process supporting this reform. Ecosystem services offer an integrative framework to identify the broader benefits associated with integrated water resource management in the Murray-Darling Basin, thereby providing support for the Government to reform decision-making. We conducted a multi-criteria decision analysis for ranking regional potentials to provide ecosystem services at river basin scale. We surveyed the wider public about their understanding of, and priorities for, managing ecosystem services and then integrated the results with spatially explicit indicators of ecosystem service provision. The preliminary results of this work identified the sub-catchments with the greatest potential synergies and trade-offs of ecosystem service provision under the integrated water resources management reform process. With future development, our framework could be used as a decision support tool by those grappling with the challenge of the sustainable allocation of water between irrigation and the environment.
Keywords: Watershed; River basin; Integrated catchment management; Internet survey; Water resources accounting; Natural capital; Ecosystem service indicators.
Source: : S. Liu, N. D. Crossman, M. Nolan and H. Ghirmay (2013); “Bringing ecosystem services into integrated water resources management“, Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 129, 15 November 2013, Pages 92 – 102; Received: 28 December 2012; Received in revised form: 19 June 2013; Accepted: 30 June 2013; Available Online under: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.06.047
Vulnerability assessment is one of the methods currently being used to measure the ocean and coastal sustainability in order to enable better evaluation and redesign of land-based development and policy-making. Because of different geological and geographical formations, the elements that comprise the vulnerability indicators are different from each other, and there are various vulnerability equations that have been used. At the present time, there are no unified vulnerability indicators that can be applied universally to every country. The Seribu Islands, Indonesia, also known in English as the Thousand Islands, consisting of 105 islands located to the north of Jakarta, have been chosen as a study area for vulnerability assessment according to the basic principles of Integrated Coastal Zone Management theory. The results indicate that in practice, Indonesian Integrated Coastal Zone Management legal systems do exist and that in some cases, part of the responsibility for the problems rests with legislation that imposes complex systems of administration, unrealistic sanctions and impractical solutions. This research also shows that inter-sectoral, inter-governance and spatial developments are the three components that need to be improved for the successful implementation of Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the region.
Keywords: Vulnerability assessment; ICZM
Source: A. R. Farhan and S. Lim (2013); “Improving vulnerability assessment towards Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM): a case study of small islands in Indonesia”, Journal of Coastal Conservation; Available Online: July 2013.
Extending stakeholder theory to promote resource management initiatives to key stakeholders: A case study of water transfers in Alberta, Canada
Keywords: Stakeholder marketing; Stakeholder management; Natural resource management; Water management; Water transfers; Narrative inquiry
Source: K. C. Lafreniere, S. Deshpande, H. Bjornlund and M. G. Hunter (2013); “Extending stakeholder theory to promote resource management initiatives to key stakeholders: A case study of water transfers in Alberta, Canada”, Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 129, 15 November 2013, Pages 81 – 91; Received: 23 April 2012; Received in revised form; 16 May 2013; Accepted: 28 June 2013; Available Online under: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.06.046
While intranational micro-cruises present a new and exciting tourism segment and a potentially powerful promotional tool for some countries and coastal destinations, the growing body of cruise research has focused almost all attention on large international cruises and onboard experiences. Hoping to assist in filling this void, this research explores micro-cruise travelers' demographics/tripographics characteristics and satisfaction with the coastal destination's individual attributes in regards to revisit/repurchase and word-of-mouth intentions (RWOMI). Data were collected on 25 different ships in two Croatian ports over four months in 2009. The influence of satisfaction factors and demographics/tripographics on travelers' RWOMI was assessed by logistic regression. Further, micro-cruise and large international cruise travelers' characteristics were compared. The results revealed significant differences in travelers' demographics/tripographics and satisfaction with the different coastal destination attributes between the two cruise segments. Satisfaction with general country attributes, gastronomy and tourism destination product increased likelihood of micro-cruise travelers' RWOMI. Theoretical and managerial implications and opportunities for future research are discussed.
Keywords: Cruise; Coastal destinations; Croatia.
Source: LJ. Pranić, Z. Marušić and I. Sever (2013); Volume 84, November 2013, Pages 1 – 12; “Cruise passengers' experiences in coastal destinations – Floating “B&Bs” vs. floating “resorts”: A case of Croatia”, Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 84, November 2013, Pages 1 – 12; Available Online under: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.07.002