Welcome to PAP/RAC Mediterranean Coastal Alert! This newsletter is regularly updated monthly. It contains abstracts of selected current articles and archives on various environmental themes, in particular those dealing with all aspects of coastal issues. The selection is made from the articles published in the leading international scientific journals. This newsletter is an excellent way of keeping you updated with coastal studies and processes.

In this issue Issue No. 80, 2015-06-01

The “mapping out” approach: effectiveness of marine spatial management options in European coastal waters
(Abstract...)

Integrated Coastal Zone Management and its potential application to Antigua and Barbuda
(Abstract...)

Technologies and strategies to design sustainable tourist accommodations in areas of high environmental value not connected to the electricity grid
(Abstract...)

Climate change games as tools for education and engagement
(Abstract...)

Abstract

The “mapping out” approach: effectiveness of marine spatial management options in European coastal waters

Marine spatial management is challenged by complex situations in European countries where multiple stakeholder interests and many management options have to be balanced. EU policy initiatives such as the proposed Marine Spatial Planning Directive, are in different ways targeting area allocation in European waters. In this circumstance, EU marine management needs assessments based on a satisfactory evaluation framework design that can ensure a transparent treatment of different types of information including interests, values, and facts. The main goal of this article is to introduce an evaluation framework applicable to marine management in European countries. This so-called CoExist framework maps out different types of relevant knowledge to assess future possibilities for use or no-use of marine areas and links this with appropriate management measures. The CoExist framework is based on the principles of ensuring transparent treatment of different types of information as well as appropriate stakeholder representation which can ensure legitimacy. Empirical findings in six European case studies have been obtained while conducting the CoExist framework. Applying the basic principles of the CoExist framework when planning future management directions of the coexistence of multiple activities in the long-run will expectedly affect the ecological and social- cultural goals by counterbalancing the economic ones.

Keywords: Aquaculture management; Coastal Zone Management; CoExist; European coastal waters; Fisheries management; Marine Spatial Planning; Multicriteria analysis; Sustainable development.

Source: K. Soma, J. Ramos, Ø. Bergh, T. Schulze, H. van Oostenbrugge, A.P. van Duijn, K. Kopke, V. Stelzenmüller. F. Grati, T. Mäkinen, C. Stenberg and E. Buisman (2014); “The “mapping out” approach: effectiveness of marine spatial management options in European coastal waters”, ICES J. Mar. Sci. (November/December 2014) 71 (9): 2630-2642; Received: 7 May 2013; Accepted: 22 October 2013; First published online: 29 December 2013; DOI:10.1093/icesjms/fst193

Contact: katrine.soma@wur.nl

Link: ICESJMS

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Integrated Coastal Zone Management and its potential application to Antigua and Barbuda

Coastal resources are an essential asset for many nations, particularly small island nations, whose dependency upon coastal resources is especially high. Antigua and Barbuda has a population of approximately 85,000, of which a high percentage either resides at or engages in business along the coast. With fishing and tourism being key economic sectors, there is a high dependency on a healthy coastal environment. Here we investigated current coastal management in Antigua and Barbuda. We conducted an extensive survey of local stakeholders and reviewed lessons learned from similar island nations. We found that many activities in Antigua and Barbuda are currently being conducted unsustainably, with negative impacts on the coastal environment. The current sectorial-based management approach is disjointed, top- down, involves inadequate stakeholder participation, and is poorly enforced. However, all stakeholders surveyed expressed a willingness to participate and were keen for a more inclusive, holistic management approach. We present suggestions for Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in Antigua and Barbuda and proposed a six-step implementation processes. A successful approach needs to be government-led but with willing and committed participation of stakeholders. A review of the current legal framework and sustainable financing are necessary pre-requisites for any ICZM, but particularly small island nations.

Keywords: Coastal management; Caribbean; coordination; Sustainable financing.

Source: V. Ramsey, J.A.G. Cooper and K.L. Yates (2015); “Integrated Coastal Zone Management and its potential application to Antigua and Barbuda”, In Press, Corrected Proof, Ocean & Coastal Management,; Received: 28 January 2015; Received in revised form: 6 April 2015; Accepted: 28 April 2015; Available on-line: 23 May 2015, under: DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2015.04.017

Contact: ramsey-v@email.ulster.ac.uk

Link: ScienceDirect

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Technologies and strategies to design sustainable tourist accommodations in areas of high environmental value not connected to the electricity grid

As envisaged in the “Agenda for a sustainable and competitive European tourism”, the adoption of a holistic and integrated approach and the use of the best available knowledge and technologies are key aspects to ensure sustainable tourism. In particular, policies and actions should be planned by considering the latest and best available knowledge, and, at the same time, analyzing all the related impacts on the area of intervention. In this context, this paper describes an approach to design sustainable tourist accommodations in areas characterized by high environmental value (e.g. natural protected areas) by minimizing the related impacts on the surrounding environment and sensitizing users towards preservation and conservation of natural resources. In fact, the aim of biodiversity conservation included in each rule for a natural protected area requires the application of eco friendly technologies and sustainable strategies for the protection of the natural heritage. In the proposed approach, three aspects of tourist accommodations have been considered: the system component, the building envelope and the integration between them. As a result, the architectural structures designed, including the materials, shape, energy efficiency, modularity and removability, are in line with the standards of bio-architecture. The materials used comply with the technical requirements and the technological needs of tourist accommodations, are mostly recycled or reusable and come from the surrounding area, so they can be easily integrated into the landscape. The components that make up the accommodations are easy to assemble and disassemble, making it possible for them to be reused in another area, without changing the environmental conditions at the new site. Some components are precast and prepared on-site using local materials whose modularity makes them highly suitable for use in different environmental and morphological conditions. To use these architectural structures in places without services and distribution networks for energy and water, special attention has been given to develop innovative and sustainable energy solutions: liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) has been used as the only energy vector, in combination with a cogeneration plant, to provide heat and electric energy as well as with specific building envelopes that allow the transfer of LPG into the walls to provide energy to innovative gas appliances. The environmental impact of the proposed approach was assessed by analyzing the environmental application of these structures in tourist accommodations in the Circeo National Park in Italy.

Keywords: Combined heat and power plant; Environmental impact mitigation; Innovative gas appliances; Sustainable tourist accommodation.

Source: F. Cumo, D. Astiaso Garcia, V. Stefanini and M. Tiberi (205); “Technologies and Strategies to Design Sustainable Tourist Accommodations in Areas of High Environmental Value not Connected to the Electricity Grid”, International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, Volume 10 (2015), Issue 1, Pages: 20 – 28; Available under DOI: 10.2495/SDP- V10-N1-20-28

Contact: davide.astiasogarcia@uniroma1.it

Link: WITPress

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Climate change games as tools for education and engagement

Scientists, educators and policymakers continue to face challenges when it comes to finding effective strategies to engage the public on climate change. We argue that games on the subject of climate change are well-suited to address these challenges because they can serve as effective tools for education and engagement. Recently, there has been a dramatic increase in the development of such games, many featuring innovative designs that blur traditional boundaries (for example, those that involve social media, alternative reality games, or those that involve direct action upon the real world). Here, we present an overview of the types of climate change game currently available, the benefits and trade-offs of their use, and reasons why they hold such promise for education and engagement regarding climate change.

Keywords: Climate change games; Education and engagement.

Source: J. S. Wu and J. J. Lee (2015); “Climate change games as tools for education engagement”, Nature Climate Change, Pages: 413–418; Received: 15 September 2014; Accepted: 9 February 2015; Published On-line: 23 April 2015; Available On-line under DOI:10.1038/nclimate2566

Contact: JLEE@tc.columbia.edu

Link: Nature Climate Change

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