Welcome to PAP/RAC Mediterranean Coastal Alert! This newsletter is regularly updated monthly. It contains abstracts of selected current articles and archives on various environmental themes, in particular those dealing with all aspects of coastal issues. The selection is made from the articles published in the leading international scientific journals. This newsletter is an excellent way of keeping you updated with coastal studies and processes.
After the signing of the ICZM Protocol in the Mediterranean (Madrid, 21 January 2008) its implementation became the main focus of interest for the future. Several obstacles on the way to implementation are briefly analysed, starting with the ratification process, the competence for the implementation and the availability of financial resources to put the Protocol requirements in place. A list of mitigation actions is proposed in order to overcome these obstacles. The ways in which the Centre responsible for assisting the countries can implement this legal instrument (i.e. PAP/RAC) is elaborated in the second part of the paper. This includes the preparation of a stocktaking report to allow for defining the starting point for ICZM in the Mediterranean, elaboration of an explanatory guide of the text of the Protocol, as well as guidelines for the definition of a coastal setback. Equally important is awareness-raising and training for the implementation of the Protocol.
Keywords: Integrated Coastal Zone Management; Protocol; Mediterranean; Implementation obstacles.
Source: Prem, M. (2010), “Implementation obstacles of the ICZM Protocol and mitigation efforts”, Journal of Coastal Conservation; Published: 24 July 2010.
In a small island country like Taiwan, where the coastal zones have been heavily utilized, it is critical for the government to protect the health of a near-shore aquatic environment by enforcing the Marine Pollution Control Act (MPCA). However, the implementation of an effective plan based on MPCA is challenging for the local area. This is particularly the case at the local level when the cross linkage among all related agencies is generally lacking. In 2004, the KaohsiungCity was aware of the shortfalls and then implemented an integrated marine pollution management system. The new system adopted an action plan that integrates all agencies with a strong communication mechanism. The encouraging results have shown substantial resource savings and a great improvement in water quality in the Kaohsiung marine environment. The success of this case reflects the needs for the concept of the integrated coastal zone management when dealing with marine affairs.
Source: Tsung-Ting Ko and Yang-Chi Chang (2010), “Integrated marine pollution management: A new model of marine pollution prevention and control in Kaohsiung, Taiwan”, Ocean & Coastal Management; Received 17 May 2010; Revised 6 August 2010; Accepted 14 August 2010; Available online 27 August 2010 under DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.08.002.
The coastal lands are very important boundaries in the natural system. But these areas are under pressure that has threatened their health by short-sighted planning policies. The management options have focused on economic production and human benefits rather than the natural systems that guaranty their sustainability. Evaluation of sustainability in coastal lands needs some key criteria and indicators. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate an innovative reliable method for identification of the most important criteria and indicators using multi criteria techniques, especially the Analytic Network Process (ANP). ANP, as a new approach, has the potential to be applied in the field of coastal land-use planning. This is the first time that ANP has been used for criteria selection to ensure sustainability in coastal land-use planning. The integration of social, economic and environmental criteria within the planning framework in this paper has provided a holistic approach to integrated coastal land-use planning.
Keywords: Sustainable coastal land-use planning; Evaluation; Criteria and indicators; Analytic Network Process (ANP).
Source: Pourebrahim, S.; Hadipour, M., Bin Mokhtar, M. and Mohamed, H. (2010), “Analytic network process for criteria selection in sustainable coastal land-use planning”, Ocean & Coastal Management; Available online 20 July 2010, under DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.06.019.
In recent decades, Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) has emerged as a major tool for the implementation of sustainable development in coastal areas. Its application, although still undergoing development, has mobilized considerable human and financial resources for 20, 30 or even 40 years depending on the region. This makes the issue of the relevance and effectiveness of the resources deployed a particularly important matter.
Yet ICZM implementation is currently essentially done through projects to the detriment of a normative approach, which undoubtedly raises questions in terms of public policy. The project approach, and its primacy, is problematic: in addition to acknowledged intrinsic limits of the project approach, its success in bringing change in the way coastal zones are managed. Combining project-based and normative approaches to upscale ICZM implementation is far from flattering. Indeed, despite the many initiatives and local and/or occasional successes, problems of pollution and resource overexploitation remain and are even intensifying in many regions.
The deployment of the project approach corresponds to an intellectual and administrative automatism which is not intended to address the fundamental strategic question: what form of intervention would be most appropriate in a specific context, taking into account objectives, available means and anticipated resistances? In this context, the paper looks for a better balance between traditional project and emerging normative approaches. Based on several examples chosen in different regions, it shows that the project approach gains a serious momentum if it is articulated with a legal framework, be it existing or emerging.
Keywords: ICZM implementation; Project-based and normative approaches; Upscale.
Source: Billé, R. and Rochette, J. (2010), “Combining project-based and normative approaches to upscale ICZM implementation”, Idées pour le débat N°04/2010 (IDDRI, 2010), pages 22.
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