Welcome to PAP/RAC Mediterranean Coastal Alert! This newsletter is regularly updated monthly. It contains abstracts of selected current articles and archives on various environmental themes, in particular those dealing with all aspects of coastal issues. The selection is made from the articles published in the leading international scientific journals. This newsletter is an excellent way of keeping you updated with coastal studies and processes.
Sustainable development of the Black Sea countries is aimed at increasing living standards of population together with maintenance of the unique ecosystems in the region. This process is impossible without development of an efficient system of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in every state and at the regional level. Presence of similar social, economic, and ecological problems, most of them of transboundary character, calls for the necessity of close co-operation of all Black Sea states in creating and improving their national ICZM systems, and in finding also regional solutions. The ICZM activities in the Black Sea region date back to the signing of the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (Bucharest Convention) in 1992. The first steps and achievements in ICZM within the Black Sea region for 15 years are presented in this paper and further steps are outlined.
Keywords: ICZM; Black Sea; Spatial planning.
Source: Antonidze, E. (2009), “ICZM in the Black Sea region: experience and perspectives”, Journal of Coastal Conservation; Received: 29 April 2009; Accepted: 20 August 2009; Published Online: 8 October 2009, under DOI: 10.1007/s11852-009-0067-6.
Traditional top-down and technocratic approaches seem to be insufficient to tackle the many conflicts related to the sustainable use of natural resources. At the same time, reductionist and mono-disciplinary approaches lack the capacity to capture the complex interactions within evolving socio-ecological systems. Coastal zone management is an area that provides a clear example of such difficulties. In this paper we explore the scope of a participatory integrated assessment process, known as Social Multi-Criteria Evaluation (SMCE), in the context of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). Through a two-year collaborative research process, between an interdisciplinary group of researchers and a diverse group of stakeholders in the Urdaibai Estuary (a Biosphere Reserve in the Basque Country, Northern Spain), we show that improving the integration of diverse expertise and values can lead, through a mutual learning process, to the definition of relevant policy options and sound decisions in the face of complexity, value conflict and unavoidable uncertainty.
Keywords: Top-down and technocratic approaches; Sustainable use of natural resources; Social Multi-Criteria Evaluation; Integrated Coastal Zone Management; Urdaibai Estuary; Biosphere Reserve in the Basque Country, Northern Spain.
Source: Garmendia, E., Gamboa, G., Franco, J., Garmendia, J.M., Liria, P. and Olazabal, M. (2009); “Social multi-criteria evaluation as a decision support tool for integrated coastal zone management”, Ocean & Coastal Management; Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript; Available Online 21 May 2010, under DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.05.001.
The beaches of the United States are subject to profound physical changes and some bitter legal and political disputes. A misinterpreted public trust doctrine went far in allowing government control over the foreshore, further strengthened by doctrines of prescription, dedication, and custom to increase public access to the beach and even the dry sands regarded as private property. But the struggle over vertical access to the beach through private property by the public or unlimited use of the foreshore and private dry sand has not ceased. Judicial interpretations and policies vary in different State with the promise of more costly litigation. The challenge is for State legislatures to provide comprehensive legislation that will clearly define the public’s right to beach access.
Keywords: Beach law and policies; United States; Physical changes; Legal and political disputes; Public access to the beach; Dry sands; Private property; Comprehensive legislation.
Source: Mangone, G.J. (2010), “American beach law and policies“, Ocean & Coastal Management, Article in Press, Corrected Proof; Available Online: 22 June 2010, under DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.06.001.
This paper presents a systems-based appraisal methodology that has been designed specifically to consider the effectiveness of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) initiatives. Since ICZM is defined in terms of achieving sustainable development, any such initiative must therefore be capable of meeting the multiple and often conflicting objectives inherent in this ubiquitous concept. The methodology outlined here is designed to critically review ICZM in order to pinpoint areas of management weakness and determine the likely “success” of the process. It represents an example of a management system, incorporates both qualitative and quantitative information, and is proposed as a “Coastal Sustainability Standard” (CoSS). Initial field testing of the methodology has proved successful and shown that the approach holds some efficacy as a means of assessment.
Keywords: Systems-based appraisal methodology; ICZM initiatives; Management system; Coastal Sustainability Standard; Means of assessment.
Source: Gallagher, A. (2010), “The coastal sustainability standard: A management systems approach to ICZM”, Ocean & Coastal Management; Article in Press, Corrected Proof; Available Online 28 April 2010, under DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.04.017.