CAMP "The Algerian Coastal Area" (Algeria)
The CAMP for the Algerian coastal area has been formulated upon request of the Algerian Government made in the 10th Ordinary Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention in 1995. Preparatory activities for the formulation of the CAMP were launched that same year with the preparation of a feasibility study by the ISMAL (Institut des Sciences de la Mer et de l'Aménagement du Littoral). A number of BP/MAP missions, and a joint meeting of the BP, PAP and Algerian experts (September 2001) enabled reaching an agreement between the Algerian Government and UNEP relative to this CAMP. The agreement was signed in Algiers on October 7, 2001.
| || |
The CAMP comprises a coastal area 115 kms long, stretching between the bay of Bou-Ismail in the east and the bay of Chenoua in the west. The area covers a surface of 447,173 ha on the land, and 80,000 ha of the sea bottom, amounting to a total of 5,271.73 sq. km. According to the 1998 census, the population amounted to 4,267,727 inhabitants, of which 2,562,430 in the wilaya of Algiers . The CAMP area contains 125 municipalities distributed as follows: 58 in the wilaya of Algiers , 25 in the wilaya of Blida , 24 in the wilaya of Boumerdes, and 18 in the wilaya of Tipaza. From the physical and natural points of view, the bays of Bou-Ismail, Algiers and Zemmouri make a continuous marine front to a hinterland composed of three distinct, yet functionally interdependent natural zones: the plain of Mitidja, the hills of Sahel , and the coastal plains .
Uncontrolled human influence on the coastal area, which is increasingly spreading to the adjacent areas as well, is at the origin of numerous environmental problems, the most prominent being the following:
· strong urbanisation,
· overexploitation of resources (material, agricultural, coastal sites, etc.),
· urban, industrial and agricultural pollution,
· coastal erosion,
· degradation of natural and cultural sites.
Five priority thematic activities have been identified within the CAMP Algeria :
· control of urbanisation and of artificialisation of the soils,
· pollution combating relevant to sanitation and solid wastes,
· integrated management of water resources,
· protection of sensitive natural and cultural sites,
· integrated coastal area management.
These activities are supported by four, so called, transversal activities:
· information system,
· sustainability analysis,
· training and participation,
· financing strategy.
The results of each thematic and transversal activity have been defined within the CAMP Agreement and will be presented in a separate final report.
Also, a number of strategic documents will be prepared by a team of national experts assisted by PAP and BP experts, namely:
· a prospective strategy of sustainability,
· a strategy of concrete actions,
· a portfolio on financing and investments necessary for short-, medium- and long-term operations,
· recommendations for the definition of a policy for sustainable coastal area management,
· a proposal of follow-up activities.
The results obtained are in accordance with the foreseen programme of work. In practice, a particularly thorough assessment and diagnosis of the situation in the coastal zone of Algeria have been prepared. Owing to new knowledge, which is far more exhaustive in relation to the one existing prior to CAMP, a desirable vision of the future situation was created. The monitoring and analysis of the socio-economic system of the Algerian coastal zone enabled the determination of the tendencies threatening, in a more or less long term, the quality, conservation and availability of natural environment and its resources.
Each of sectoral procedures was explained in detail in order to start as soon as possible the crucial stage of integration of the results. This stage was even more important since it should help identify the post-CAMP activities and set the conditions necessary for their sustainable implementation. In addition, important methodological efforts allowed the determination of a prospective scenario based on the proposals made by the thematic teams. This prospective scenario enabled the realisation of a plan of action which would be shared by all actors. This work, which is at the crossroads of the CAMP programme activities, could not be launched or implemented without continuous support and advices provided by the teams responsible for the ICZM and sustainability analysis. One of the particularities of this project was to encourage this kind of actions rather than to rely on the existing works on coastal issues and to get out of them a guide or a frame for their long-term implementation. This is why we have to acknowledge a highly innovative and complex character of the work provided which was a real learning and gave encouraging results.
|MAP Technical Reports 164: Programme d'Aménagement Côtier (PAC) de la "Zone côtière algéroise", Algérie: RAPPORT FINAL INTEGRE|
PAP/RAC. 2006. Programme d'Aménagement Côtier (PAC) "Zone Côtière Algéroise": Rapport final intégré. Split: PAP/RAC. pp. x + 189.
CAR/PB. 2005. Analyse de durabilité dans le cadre du PAC « Zone côtière algéroise" (Algérie) - Rapport Final. Sophia-Antipolis: CAR/PB. pp. 71
CAR/ASP. 2005. PAC « Zone côtière algéroise": Protection des sites sensibles naturels marins du secteur Cap Djinet au Mont Chenoua - Impacts des activités anthropiques. Tunis: CAR/ASP. pp iv + 88
CAR/ASP. 2005. PAC « Zone côtière algéroise": Protection des sites sensibles naturels marins du secteur Cap Djinet au Mont Chenoua- Actions pilotes, plan d’action et recommandations. Tunis: CAR/ASP. pp iii + 45
CAR/PAP. 2005. Formation et participation - Rapport final. Split: CAR/PAP. pp. ii + 30. FRA
CAR/PAP. 2005. Activité "Gestion intégrée de la zone côtière" - Rapport de synthèse final. Split: CAR/PAP. pp. vii + 126. FRA
CAR/PAP. 2005. Protection des sites culturels sensibles - Phase 2. Split: CAR/PAP. pp. ii + 47. FRA
CAR/PAP. 2005. Lutte contre la pollution liée aux déchets solides – Phase II: Programme de gestion. Split: CAR/PAP. pp. vii + 71. FRA
CAR/PAP. 2005. Maîtrise de l’urbanisation et de l’artificialisation des sols – Projet d’aménagement – Rapport: Etude prospective de l’urbanisation – Phase 2. Split: CAR/PAP. pp. iii + 60. FRA
CAR/ASP. 2005. Protection des sites sensibles naturels terrestres - Eléments de plan de gestion pour la zone littorale. Split: CAR/PAP. pp. ii + 72. FRA
CAR/PAP. 2005. Activité “Gestion intégrée de la zone côtière” - Action pilote: Site du lac de Réghaïa. Split: CAR/PAP. pp. ii + 41. FRA
CAR/PAP. 2005. Gestion intégrée des ressources en eau: Tendances et alternatives. Split: CAR/PAP. pp.v + 57. FRA
PAP/RAC, 2002. Programme d'Aménagement Côtier (PAC) "Zone Côtiere Algéroise"; Rapport de lancement, Split: PAP/RAC. pp. iv + 56. FRA
MAP-PAP-RAC. 2001. Accord relatif au Programme d’Aménagement Côtier pour la zone côtière algéroise (Algérie)