CAMP France (VAR)

Background

France proposed to the Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) to  implement a Coastal Area Management Programme (CAMP)  project  in  the  coastal  area  of  the  Var  department,  which  launched  an  active integrated  coastal management  policy  in  2008.  This  proposal  was  part  of  the  Working  Framework Programme presented at the Sixteenth Ordinary Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention, held in Marrakech, from November 3 to 5, 2009.


The Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention and the French authorities have agreed to conduct a feasibility study for the CAMP project to include the Var department coastal area. The French Ministry in charge  of the  Environment (Ministry  of  Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy),  the  General Council of the Var and PAP/RAC of MAP launched the feasibility study at a meeting held in Toulon, on February 3, 2011. The proposals and recommendations were subsequently presented at the feedback meeting on September 23, 2011. 


The Agreement between the Government of the French Republic and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) / MAP concerning the CAMP Var (France) was signed on September 3, 2014.
 
 
 
Mr. Gaetano Leone, UNEP/MAP Co-ordinator, and Mr. Xavier Sticker, French Ambassador for the Environment

The Action plan for the implementation of the ICZM Protocol in the Mediterranean (2012‐2019) was adopted at the Seventeenth Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention held  in Paris, from February 8 to 10, 2012. The purpose of the Action Plan was primarily to support the Parties in their ratification process of the ICZM Protocol what has led to the entry into force of the Protocol  on  March 24, 2011.  The  goal  of  supporting  all  the  Parties  in  their transposition  and implementation  of  the  Protocol  was  also  set.  The  CAMP  Var,  its  results and  lessons  learned  will therefore serve as an example of practical implementation of the ICZM Protocol in the Mediterranean.

Challenges for France

At the national level, the National Marine and Coastal Strategy is being developed. The decree No. 2012‐219 of February 16, 2012, specifies the conditions for the development of this strategic document, as well  as  indications  for  the  development  of  the  related  strategic  shoreline  documents.  The  national consultations  in  France  are  carried  out  at  the  level  of  the  Maritime  Shoreline  Councils  and  of  the National  Council  of  Marine  and  Coastal  Areas.  At the  10th  Maritime  and  Coastal  Economy  Congress, which was held on December 3, 2014, Mr. Manuel Valls, Prime Minister, announced that a debate would take place in the Parliament in 2015 to define the national maritime and coastal strategy. On January 14, 2015, a first discussion on French maritime policy was held in the National Assembly concluded by Mr. lain Vidalies, Secretary of State for Transport, the Sea and Fishing. During parliamentarians' interventions, importance  was  given  to  integrated  coastal  zone  management  and  particular  attention  paid  to regional/local projects.

The CAMP Var will focus on the establishment of a consultative body, being a place of mediation and governance  at the  local scale  of the  County,  complementary to the  Maritime  Shoreline  Council.  This structure  was  conceived  as  a  laboratory  to  stimulate  a  dynamic  dialogue,  the  development  of  a governance  mechanism  and  to  highlight  the  successes  and  difficulties  encountered in the implementation of integrated coastal zone management policies.

The  distribution  of  powers  between the state  and  its  decentralised services,  public  institutions,  local authorities and the combination between international conventions, European standards, national laws and  local  planning schemes  can  be  complex.  Coastal management  is sometimes seen  as  a "legal  and administrative mix" synonymous with difficult understanding of "who does what" or "who should do what". This echoes to the lag between an administrated and a lived territory.

The area of the project

The  Var  department  covers  an  area  of 5,973  km2 and  has 432 km of the coastline of which 80 km account for ten islands and islets. 70 km are occupied by military establishments, 40 km are urban areas and ports, while 92 km beaches and 230 km are rocky shores.

Its population is 967,000 inhabitants of which 554,197 living in the 27 coastal municipalities (between Saint  Cyr  les  Lecques  and  St.  Raphael).  This  population  has  a strong summer  variation since the  Var department is the first French tourist department outside the Paris area and the marine area is subject of intense maritime activity.

On  its  coastal  territory,  the  Var  department  includes  a  number  of  coastal  and  maritime  planning structures  and strategies, new or old, such  as the National Park of Port‐Cros  created  in 1963, marine parts of three Territorial Coherence schemes (ScoTs) ‐ Provence Méditerranée Grimaud / Saint‐Tropez and Var East, as well as the Bay contract of the harbour of Toulon 2013‐2018.

 
 

Action Plan

In accordance with the agreement signed between France and UNEP/MAP, the Steering Committee (CoPil) of the project endorsed an Action Plan that can be scalable. The main actions are:

  • An institutional diagnostic study of ICZM planning to analyse planning policies and coastal management approaches in regards to the implementation of the ICZM Protocol; and the definition of a methodology for ICZM policy evaluation and monitoring.
  • A subjective mapping to represent the territory as it is lived: what actors and local stakeholders think of ICZM in the Var? And what do they think about ICZM? and identify obstacles or levers to decision making. • The Var County will be a pilot territory for the Donia smartphone application, to enhance land and coastal interactions with the sea users. It is intended to promote good practices to reduce environmental pressures and allow sea access for all.
  • "Archipelago of excellence and pilot islands ". Build operational pilot actions on the Var islands to help develop an exemplary modus operandi based on, and by accompanying, local initiatives in this direction (international label for sustainable islands, etc.).
  • Adaptation to climate change and flooding risks in coastal areas. In relation with the National Strategy for Integrated Management of the Coastal Stripe, and local initiatives identified as mature and accomplished, the PAC will support operational actions in the Var, and contribute to the development of a methodology that will highlight the commonalities and idiosyncrasies, and seek to achieve a socio-cultural analysis of the decision process.
  • An overview synthesis on the harbours and navigation basins, to enhance realised or ongoing activities by different actors in the Var.
  • Brainstorming and capitalisation on maritime spatial planning.
  • A Land-Sea Forum to foster the emergence of a common destiny (Article 14 of the Protocol).
  • The contribution and promotion of a network of ICZM actors in the Mediterranean.

Round table of ICZM actors in the Var

At the inception meeting, a round table attended by Jean-Louis Loeuillard, Sea and Coastal department at the County Council of the Var, Pierre Boissery, the Rhône Méditerranée Corse Water Agency, Claire Mignet the Port-Cros National Park, Guirec Queffeulou, Bay Contract of Toulon Provence Metropole and Jean-Philippe Morin, Marin Observatory Gulf of Saint-Tropez. This round table was open to the public and led to a lively start for the joint reflection that the PAC Var wants to stimulate.

This open debate highlighted key points:  the need for shared knowledge by policy makers and the general public of the ICZM Protocol, the need for joint reflection on assessment tools and monitoring of policies and coastal management initiatives to set the conditions for a self-assessment necessary to develop more efficient approaches, to continue the efforts to link science and decision making to revitalize the County Scheme for the Coasts and the Sea, to promote synergies between the consultative bodies, also in order to avoid similar initiatives  while enlarging the circle of consultation. The priority is to address the elected officials who rely on expert opinion and feelings of the public. The project will pay particular attention to integrate these three audiences.

In order to be effective, the CAMP dynamics will initially focus on certain key areas and themes. By its non-institutional dimension, its limited duration, the CAMP Var project is seen as an asset to bring a fresh look.

Three working groups

The CoPil considered as a priority to define three working groups so as to step forward on the following themes:

  • erosion, submersion and Maritime Spatial Planning;
  • archipelago of excellence;
  • navigation basins and harbors.

Another working group dedicated to subjective mapping will help build an approach and a tool that will be useful in providing a different perspective on these selected topics.

In close cooperation with the members of the CoPil - each group will be led by one of its members - the different actors of the Var coastal and maritime areas will get involved and take part in these discussions and these actions.

 

"GREEN" project management

CAMP Var  actors  committed to "think  green" throughout the project  activities  and will seek to make decisions taking into account their environmental impacts. The aim is to include "green thinking" in the management process of each project activity through the development of techniques and promotion of ecological systems, e.g. addressing the issue of rising transport emissions and excessive consumption of paper (paperless system to apply to communication, meetings and alike).

Organization and structure of the project

The National Project Co-ordinator is responsible for the  general supervision of  all project  activities  at local, national and international levels, and those implemented by national participants in co-operation with UNEP/MAP. He will work closely with PAP/RAC's Co-ordinator of the CAMP France (Var) and with the French  PAP/RAC  Focal  Point,  the  Director  of  the  European  and  International  Delegation of Conservatoire du Littoral. For part of its contribution to the project, the Conservatoire provides an office for the National Co-ordinator. The Steering Committee, including members of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable  Development  and  Energy,  the  General  Council  of  the  Var,  the  Water  Agency  Rhône Méditerranée Corse, the Conservatoire du Littoral and PAP/RAC of UNEP/MAP will be responsible for the overall supervision of the Project.

 

 
 
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